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ASSOCIATION BETWEEN ENZYMATIC AND NON-ENZYMATIC ANTIOXIDANT DEFENSE WITH ALZHEIMER DISEASE

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Author(s): A. Vaisi-Raygani | Z. Rahimi | M. Zahraie | M. Noroozian | A. Pourmotabbed

Journal: Acta Medica Iranica
ISSN 0044-6025

Volume: 46;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 11;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: Alzheimer disease | total antioxidant status

ABSTRACT
The etiopathogenesis of dementia in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is still unclear. However, long-term oxidative stress is believed to be one of the major contributing factors in progression of neuronal degeneration and decline of cognitive function in AD. In order to assess the presence of oxidative stress in AD, we examined the enzymatic activities of the erythrocyte Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase (Cu-Zn SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), catalase (CAT), and plasma level of total antioxidant status (TAS) in AD and control groups (age and sex-matched). The results showed that the Cu-Zn SOD activity was significantly higher and the level of GSH-Px and TAS activities were significantly lower in AD subjects than that in the control group (2111±324 U/grHb, 43.7±11.6 U/grHb, and 1.17 ±0.23 mmol/L compared with 1371±211 U/gHb; t= -2.17, p=0.036, 56.3±9.5 U/gHb; t=3.8, p=0.014, and 1.54±0.2 mmol/L; t=11.18, P
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