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Automated Periodontal Diseases Classification System

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Author(s): Aliaa A. A. Youssif | Abeer Saad Gawish, | Mohammed Elsaid Moussa

Journal: International Journal of Advanced Computer Sciences and Applications
ISSN 2156-5570

Volume: 3;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 40;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: Biomedical image processing | epithelium segmentation | feature extraction | nuclear segmentation | periodontal diseases classification.

ABSTRACT
This paper presents an efficient and innovative system for automated classification of periodontal diseases, The strength of our technique lies in the fact that it incorporates knowledge from the patients' clinical data, along with the features automatically extracted from the Haematoxylin and Eosin (H&E) stained microscopic images. Our system uses image processing techniques based on color deconvolution, morphological operations, and watershed transforms for epithelium & connective tissue segmentation, nuclear segmentation, and extraction of the microscopic immunohistochemical features for the nuclei, dilated blood vessels & collagen fibers. Also, Feedforward Backpropagation Artificial Neural Networks are used for the classification process. We report 100% classification accuracy in correctly identifying the different periodontal diseases observed in our 30 samples dataset.
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