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Avicenna’s Canon of Medicine and Modern Urology: Part II: Bladder Calculi

Author(s): Sayed Mohammad Ali Madineh

Journal: Urology Journal
ISSN 1735-1308

Volume: 6;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 63;
Date: 2009;
Original page

In the previous issue of the Urology Journal, a comparison of Avicenna’s Canon of Medicine with modern urologic findings was done in part I of this article, addressing bladder anatomy and physiology and bladder calculi. In part II of this review, the remaining chapters of the Canon of Medicine on bladder calculi are reviewed. Avicenna points to perineal urethrostomy (preineostomy), which is today performed as the last therapeutic line or as a temporary remedy before surgical treatment. He also describes surgery via transperineal route and warns the surgeon of the proximity of vasa deferentia, prostate gland, and neurovascular bundle and their exposure in this position. Usage of grasping forceps for removal of bladder calculus and emphasis on removing all calculus fragments are the interesting points of this chapter. Avicenna explains a technique similar to the use of a babcock for prevention of calculus migration. Complications of bladder calculus surgery and cystostomy are also addressed with scientific precision in the Canon.

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