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The Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Railroad And Its Geopolitical Implications for the South Caucasus

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Author(s): Samuel Lussac

Journal: Caucasian Review of International Affairs
ISSN 1865-6773

Volume: 2;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 212;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: South Caucasus | Baku-Tbilisi-Kars | Railroad | Geopolitics | Regionalization

ABSTRACT
This article aims at evaluating the geopolitical impact of the construction of the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars (BTK) railroad in the South Caucasus. Indeed, after the implementation of the East-West energy corridor, it will contribute to further regional cooperation between Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey. On this matter, it reflects the very specificity of this regionalization that is essentially based on economic issues and develops despite opportunistic interests. Furthermore, the BTK railroad will constitute a new stage in the further marginalization of Armenia within the South Caucasus. Not only it will bypass this country but it will also undermine its ethno-political leverages, notably in Georgia. Finally, in spite of the recent political events in the South Caucasus, the BTK railroad could be a new step in the incoming showdown between, on the one hand Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey and, on the other hand, Armenia, Iran and Russia
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