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Baliospermum montanum (Danti): Ethnobotany, phytochemistry and pharmacology- A review

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Author(s): Mali Ravindra | Wadekar Raju

Journal: International Journal of Green Pharmacy
ISSN 0973-8258

Volume: 2;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 194;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: Baliospermum montanum | ethnobotanical uses | pharmacognosy | pharmacological activities | phytochemistry | tissue culture studies

ABSTRACT
Baliospermum montanum (Willd.) Muell-Arg (Euphorbiaceae) is a leafy monoecious undershrub distributed throughout the greater parts of India, Burma and Malaya. The various parts of the plant (leaves, roots, seeds and seed oil) are widely used by various tribal communities and forest dwellers for the treatment of variety of ailments. The roots of the plant are ascribed to possess medicinal virtues in Ayurvedic system of medicine and used in preparation of important Ayurvedic formulations. The plant is documented to possess beneficial effects as digestive, anthelmintic, diuretic, diaphoretic, rubefacient, febrifuge and tonic. It believed to be useful in asthma, bronchitis, leprosy, jaundice, wounds, constipation, anemia, leucoderma and fever. Following various folk claims for cure of numerous diseases, efforts have been made by researchers to verify the efficacy of the plant through scientific biological screenings. A scrutiny of literature revealed some notable pharmacological activities of the plant such as anticancer, antimicrobial, free radical scavenging, immunomodulatory, hepatoprotective, and anthelmintic. The present review is an attempt to highlight the various ethnobotanical and traditional uses as well as phytochemical and pharmacological reports on B. montanum.
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