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Bandwidth Enhancement of UWB Microstrip Antenna with a Modified Ground Plane

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Author(s): N. Prombutr | P. Kirawanich | P. Akkaraekthalin

Journal: International Journal of Microwave Science and Technology
ISSN 1687-5826

Volume: 2009;
Date: 2009;
Original page

ABSTRACT
This article presents a bandwidth enhancing technique using a modified ground plane with diagonal edges, rectangular slot, and T-shape cut for the design of compact antennas. The proposed low-cost, compact-size circular patch antenna on 3 cm × 5.1 cm printed circuit board (FR-4) is designed and validated through simulations and experiments. Results show that the T-shaped ground plane with the presence of the diagonal cuts at the top corners and the rectangular slots can increase the bandwidth. Return losses of −19 and −26 dB for the first and second resonant frequencies, respectively, can be achieved when the depth of the diagonal cut is 5 mm, the dimension of each rectangular slot is 5×3 mm, and the T-shaped size is 8×4 mm, providing a 28.67% wider bandwidth than FCC standard.
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