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Barriers for introducing HIV testing among tuberculosis patients in Jogjakarta, Indonesia: a qualitative study

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Author(s): Mahendradhata Yodi | Ahmad Riris | Lefèvre Pierre | Boelaert Marleen | Stuyft Patrick

Journal: BMC Public Health
ISSN 1471-2458

Volume: 8;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 385;
Date: 2008;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background HIV and HIV-TB co-infection are slowly increasing in Indonesia. WHO recommends HIV testing among TB patients as a key response to the dual HIV-TB epidemic. Concerns over potential negative impacts to TB control and lack of operational clarity have hindered progress. We investigated the barriers and opportunities for introducing HIV testing perceived by TB patients and providers in Jogjakarta, Indonesia. Methods We offered Voluntary Counselling and Testing (VCT) to TB patients in parallel to a HIV prevalence survey. We conducted in-depth interviews with 33 TB patients, 3 specialist physicians and 3 disease control managers. We also conducted 4 Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) with nurses. All interviews and FGDs were recorded and data analysis was supported by the QSR N6® software. Results Patients' and providers' knowledge regarding HIV was poor. The main barriers perceived by patients were: burden for accessing VCT and fear of knowing the test results. Stigma caused concerns among providers, but did not play much role in patients' attitude towards VCT. The main barriers perceived by providers were communication, patients feeling offended, stigmatization and additional burden. Conclusion Introduction of HIV testing among TB patients in Indonesia should be accompanied by patient and provider education as well as providing conditions for effective communication.
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