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BASIC PRINCIPLES, IMPORTANCE AND DISTRIBUTION OF ORGANIC GRAINS GROWING GLOBALLY AND IN THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA

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Author(s): Svetlana ROLJEVIĆ | Radojica SARIĆ | Biljana GRUJIĆ

Journal: Scientific Papers Series : Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development
ISSN 2284-7995

Volume: 12;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 195;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: Organic agriculture | grain | surfaces

ABSTRACT
Cereals cover about 32% of the world's arable land and represents the basis of direct and indirect food of most countries population, so the way and amount of these crops production is very important factor in the management of natural resources and the global population food security creation. As the organic farming itself is defined as a viable, productive, economic and socio acceptable system of food production, such as in the greatest volume could contribute to the protection of human health and the environment when it comes to corn growing. Surfaces covered with the grain grown by organic technology represent only 6% of world organic farmland, so there is significant potential for expansion of production. This paper presents the basic principles of wheat growing based on organic technology, shows the countries, currently the largest producers of organic grains and presents the situation in the Republic of Serbia.The aim is to show the presence of surfaces suitable for organic wheat growing globally and in the Republic of Serbia, but also to emphasize the importance of these crops organic production technologies spread in order to preserve natural resources and the sustainability of agricultural production
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