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BEHAVIOR AND CONSCIOUSNESS. HISTORICAL ORIGIN OF THE ADVERSARY ALTERNATIVES IN THE BEGINNINGS OF THE SCIENTIFIC PSYCHOLOGY

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Author(s): LUIS GARCÍA-VEGA | LAURA GARCÍA-VEGA REDONDO

Journal: Universitas psychologica
ISSN 1657-9267

Volume: 4;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 385;
Date: 2005;
Original page

Keywords: Behaviorism | Mecanicist Materialism | Behavior | Soviet Psychology | Dialectic Psychology | conscience

ABSTRACT
The word behavior has a reduccionist origin and meaning, the later has been commonly assumed since the mecanicistinterpretation of organic movement in Descartes, La Mettrie, Séchenov and Pávlov until nowadays. Watson continueswith this tendency making it the starting point of his psychology and, in fact, due to the category he studies, he will callhis school behaviorism.In 1924 Vygostky refuses to take this reduccionist and mecanicist model from reactology and reflexology and claims forpsychology the need of taking conscience into account, understanding conscience not as the movement of a machinethat reacts to a stimular situation, but as the dialectic activity of material human brain, that has reached its highestdegree of development.
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