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BERBERIS ARISTATA: A REVIEW

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Author(s): Sharma Komal | Bairwa Ranjan | Chauhan Neelam | Shrivastava Birendra | Saini Neeraj Kumar

Journal: International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy
ISSN 2229-3566

Volume: 2;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 383;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: antibacterial | anticancer | Berberis aristata | berberine | hepatoprotective | hypoglycemic

ABSTRACT
Berberis aristata commonly known as “Daru haldhi and Chitra” is spinous hrub native to northern Himalaya region. The plant is widely distributed from Himalayas to Srilanka, Bhutan, and hilly areas of Nepal. Berberis aristata is used in ayurvedic medicines from very long time. The plant is used traditionally in inflammation, wound healing, skin disease, menohrrhagia, diarrhea, jaundice and affection of eyes. Pharmacological studies on the plant revels the proven activity of its as hypoglycemic, antibacterial, antifungal, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, antioxidant, anticancer. The plant fruit edible and it is rich in vit –c. A very valuable ayurvedic preparation ‘Rashut’ is prepared by this plant which is used in curing human aliment like ophthalmic, ulcer as a laxative and tonic and blood purifier. Phytochemical studies shows that plant B. aristata contains mainly yellow colored alkaloids Berberine, oxyberberine, berbamine, aromoline, a protoberberine alkaloid karachine, palmatine, oxycanthine and taxilamine and tannins, sugar, starch. The plant has effective pharmacological action and shows promising future for further researches.
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