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Bilateral acute angle closure glaucoma as a presentation of isolated microspherophakia in an adult: case report

Author(s): Kaushik Sushmita | Sachdev Nishant | Pandav Surinder | Gupta Amod | Ram Jagat

Journal: BMC Ophthalmology
ISSN 1471-2415

Volume: 6;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 29;
Date: 2006;
Original page

Abstract Background Bilateral simultaneous angle closure glaucoma is a rare entity. To our knowledge this is the first reported case of bilateral acute angle-closure glaucoma secondary to isolated microspherophakia in an adult. Case presentation A 45-year-old woman presented with bilateral acute angle closure glaucoma, with a patent iridotomy in one eye. Prolonged miotic use prior to presentation had worsened the pupillary block. The diagnosis was not initially suspected, and the patient was subjected to pars-plana lensectomy and anterior vitrectomy for a presumed ciliary block glaucoma. The small spherical lens was detected intraoperatively, and spherophakia was diagnosed in retrospect. She had no systemic features of any of the known conditions associated with spherophakia. Pars-plana lensectomy both eyes controlled the intraocular pressure successfully. Conclusion This case demonstrates the importance of considering the diagnosis of isolated microspherophakia in any case of bilateral acute angle closure glaucoma. Lensectomy appears to be an effective first-line strategy for managing these patients.
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