Academic Journals Database
Disseminating quality controlled scientific knowledge

BIOCHEMICAL AND MOLECULAR ANALYSIS OF SUGARCANE GLUTAMATE DECARBOXYLASE

ADD TO MY LIST
 
Author(s): Gireesh Babu K* * and Naik GR

Journal: International Journal of Bioassays
ISSN 2278-778X

Volume: 2;
Issue: 7;
Start page: 1011;
Date: 2013;

Keywords: cDNA | -aminobutyric acid | Glutamate decarboxylase | metal ions and inhibitors | Saccharum officinarum | purification.

ABSTRACT
Glutamate decarboxylase [GAD (EC 4.1.1.15)], a g-aminobutyric acid (GABA) metabolizing enzyme is characterized in sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) Var. Co 86032. The sugarcane GAD was purified by 7.8 folds and SDS-PAGE analysis revealed presence of apparent 65 and 52 kD GAD isomers. Biochemical characterization of Sugarcane GAD revealed the Km values of 1.6 mM for L-glutamate, 2 µM for PLP, 3.5 µM for Ca+2 and 6.3 nM for CaM at a sharp optimum pH of 6.0. Ca+2/CaM induced sugarcane GAD by 360%, however Ca+2 alone was ineffective. In absence of Ca+2, CaM induced the activity by 150% at pH 6.0, but no such induction was found at neutral pH. Metal ion and inhibitor studies revealed that the sugarcane GAD gets induced by Co+2, 1-10 phenanthroline and requires -SH groups. Isolation of GAD gene through cDNA yielded 1481 bp stretch of sequence occupying distant position in the phylogram of plant GADs.  Further analysis confirmed the presence of a plant specific C-terminal extension of 30-amino acid lacking authentic CaM binding domain.  The results indicate the presence of at least two forms of GAD in sugarcane.
Affiliate Program      Why do you need a reservation system?