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Biodegradable polymers: Which, when and why?

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Author(s): Kotwal V | Saifee Maria | Inamdar Nazma | Bhise Kiran

Journal: Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
ISSN 0250-474X

Volume: 69;
Issue: 5;
Start page: 616;
Date: 2007;
Original page

Keywords: Erosion | polyorthoesters | polyanhydrides | polyphosphazenes

ABSTRACT
The plethora of drug therapies and types of drugs demand different formulations, fabrications conditions and release kinetics. No single polymer can satisfy all the requirements. Therefore there have been tremendous advances in area of biodegradable copolymers over the last 30 years. This article reviews current research on biodegradable polymers, focusing their potential as drug carries. The major classes of polymers are briefly discussed with regard to synthesis, properties and biodegradability, and known degradation modes and products are indicated based on studies reported in the literature. A vast majority of biodegradable polymers studied belongs to the polyester family, which includes polyglycolides and polylactides. Other degradable polymers such as polyorthoesters, polyanhydrides and polyphosphazenes are also discussed and their advantages and disadvantages are summarized.
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