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Biolistic Mediated Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) Transformation via Mannose and Bialaphos Based Selection Systems

Author(s): A.W. Grootboom | N.L. Mkhonza | M.M. O`Kennedy | E. Chakauya | K. Kunert | R.K. Chikwamba

Journal: International Journal of Botany
ISSN 1811-9700

Volume: 6;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 89;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: particle bombardment | Mannose selection | phosphomannose isomerase (pmi) | sorghum

The efficiency of the bialophos (bar) and phosphomannose isomerase (pmi) selectable markers in microprojectile mediated transformation of P898012, a sorghum inbred line generally considered amenable to in vitro manipulation was investigated. Two plasmids containing bar gene, encoding bialaphos resistance and manA gene, for phosphomannose isomerase, both under the control of maize ubiquitin promoter and nopaline synthase terminator were used to transform Immature Zygotic Embryos (IZE) of sorghum via particle bombardment using a particle inflow gun. Transgene integration in putatively transgenic plants was confirmed by PCR and Southern blot analysis. The expression of the bar gene in transgenic plants was demonstrated by the BASTA leaf painting assay. Present results indicated a transformation efficiency of 0.11 and 75% escapes in the apparent bialaphos resistant plants. A transformation efficiency of 0.77% was observed on manA selection and all plants recovered contained the manA gene. Besides an improved transformation efficiency, mannose selection offers a more environmentally sound system as sugar metabolism is considered ecologically neutral should it inadvertently be transferred to wild sorghum species.
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