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Biological impact of geometric uncertainties: what margin is needed for intra-hepatic tumors?

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Author(s): Kuo Hsiang-Chi | Liu Wen-Shan | Wu Andrew | Mah Dennis | Chuang Keh-Shih | Hong Linda | Yaparpalvi Ravi | Guha Chandan | Kalnicki Shalom

Journal: Radiation Oncology
ISSN 1748-717X

Volume: 5;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 48;
Date: 2010;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background To evaluate and compare the biological impact on different proposed margin recipes for the same geometric uncertainties for intra-hepatic tumors with different tumor cell types or clinical stages. Method Three different margin recipes based on tumor motion were applied to sixteen IMRT plans with a total of twenty two intra-hepatic tumors. One recipe used the full amplitude of motion measured from patients to generate margins. A second used 70% of the full amplitude of motion, while the third had no margin for motion. The biological effects of geometric uncertainty in these three situations were evaluated with Equivalent Uniform Doses (EUD) for various survival fractions at 2 Gy (SF2). Results There was no significant difference in the biological impact between the full motion margin and the 70% motion margin. Also, there was no significant difference between different tumor cell types. When the margin for motion was eliminated, the difference of the biological impact was significant among different cell types due to geometric uncertainties. Elimination of the motion margin requires dose escalation to compensate for the biological dose reduction due to the geometric misses during treatment. Conclusions Both patient-based margins of full motion and of 70% motion are sufficient to prevent serious dosimetric error. Clinical implementation of margin reduction should consider the tumor sensitivity to radiation.
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