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A Biologically Based Chemo-Sensing UAV for Humanitarian Demining

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Author(s): Sergi Bermudez i Badia | Ulysses Bernardet | Alexis Guanella | Pawel Pyk | Paul F.M.J. Verschure

Journal: International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems
ISSN 1729-8806

Volume: 4;
Issue: 2;
Date: 2008;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Antipersonnel mines, weapons of cheap manufacture but lethal effect, have a high impact on the population even decades after the conflicts have finished. Here we investigate the use of a chemo-sensing Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (cUAV) for demining tasks. We developed a blimp based UAV that is equipped with a broadly tuned metal-thin oxide chemo-sensor. A number of chemical mapping strategies were investigated including two biologically based localization strategies derived from the moth chemical search that can optimize the efficiency of the detection and localization of explosives and therefore be used in the demining process. Additionally, we developed a control layer that allows for both fully autonomous and manual controlled flight, as well as for the scheduling of a fleet of cUAVs. Our results confirm the feasibility of this technology for demining in real-world scenarios and give further support to a biologically based approach where the understanding of biological systems is used to solve difficult engineering problems.
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