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Biomass and Net Primary Productivity in Three Different Aged Butea Forest Ecosystems in Western India, Rajasthan

Author(s): J.I. Nirmal Kumar | P.R. Sajish | Rita N. Kumar | Kanti Patel

Journal: Iranica Journal of Energy and Environment (IJEE)
ISSN 2079-2115

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Butea monosperma Lam | Biomass | Forest floor biomass | Litter fall | Net primary productivity

The study was conducted to estimate the biomass and net primary productivity of different age grouped (5, 10 and 15-year-old) Butea monosperma forest ecosystems in western India , Rajasthan (located between 23º49′ to 25º28′ N latitudes and 73º0′ to 75º49′ E longitudes ) from June 2007 to May 2008. The vegetation biomass, forest floor biomass, tree litter fall and net primary productivity (NPP) of trees and shrubs were estimated and it is found that the tree biomass and net primary productivity increased with increasing age of the forest stand, whereas the herb biomass and net primary productivity decreased significantly (P < 0.01) with increase in the forest age. The biomass of trees increased with age from 183.7 ± 3.21 to 298.3 ± 3.57 t ha-1 while shrub biomass ranged from 4.9 ± 1.61 to 6.3 ± 1.38 t ha-1 and the herb biomass fluctuated from 1.7 ± 1.64 to 2.1 ± 1.81. The tree layer NPP varied from 17.2 to 29.3 t ha-1 year-1 where the NPP of the shrub layer was 0.88 to 1.6 t ha-1 year-1. The productivity of the herb layer was fluctuating from 2.3 to 3.1 t ha-1 year-1. The all values of biomass and NPP of trees, shrubs and herbs were low in 5-year-old, moderate in 10-year-old and high in 15-year-old forest stands. The total forest biomass increased from 190.7 t ha-1 in the 5-year-old to 306.3 t ha-1 15-year-old forest and net primary productivity from 21.1 t ha-1 year-1 in the 5-year-old to 33.2 t ha-1 year-1 in the 15-year-old forest.
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