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Biomechanics aspects of technique of high jump

Author(s): Adashevskiy V.M. | Iermakov S.S. | Marchenko A.A.

Journal: Fizičeskoe Vospitanie Studentov
ISSN 2075-5279

Volume: 2;
Start page: 11;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: biomechanics | trajectory | pose | sportsman | jump | height

The purpose of work consists in the theoretical ground of optimum biomechanics descriptions in high jumps. A mathematical model is developed for determination of influence on the height of jump: speed and corner of flight of centre-of-mass during pushing away, positions of centre-of-mass body of sportsman in the phases of pushing away and transition through a slat, forces of resistance of air environment, influences of moment of inertia of body. The basic technical run-time errors of sportsman are selected exercises. To biomechanics descriptions, to the step-up effectiveness of high jumps belong: speed of flight of centre-of-mass sportsman (4.2-5.8 meters in a second), corner of flight of centre-of-mass body (50-58 degrees), height of flight of centre-of-mass body (0.85-1.15 meter). Directions of choice of necessary biomechanics descriptions which a sportsman can realize are shown. Offered recommendation on the increase of effectiveness of high jumps.
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