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Biomedical Perspectives About Women with Chronic Pelvic Pain: A Qualitative Analysis

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Author(s): Paula P. Souza | Adriana P. M. S. Romão | Ana Márcia S. Nakano | Julio C. Rosa-e-Silva | Francisco J. Candido-dos-Reis | Antonio A. Nogueira | Omero B. Poli-Neto

Journal: International Journal of Clinical Medicine
ISSN 2158-284X

Volume: 03;
Issue: 05;
Start page: 411;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Chronic Pelvic Pain | Biomedical Model | Qualitative Research

ABSTRACT
Because the aetiology of chronic pelvic pain is complex, studies of the condition involve extensive investigation but provide few conclusions. Numerous studies have addressed the experiences of women with chronic pelvic pain, as well as the interaction between those women and their health care providers. Our objective was to investigate how physicians at a specialised clinic perceive the medical care provided to such women. This was a qualitative study employing semi-structured interviews and content analysis. We interviewed seven physicians at the Chronic Pelvic Pain Outpatient Clinic of the University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil. Medical training and practice constituted the central theme of the study, which was subdivided into categories addressing the influence that the current medical training has on the type of medical care provided to women with chronic pelvic pain. Medical practice has been characterised by a reductionist approach to health and illness, as well as by the fragmentation of health care. These characteristics are, to a certain extent, the result of the biomedical model of education, which has been predominant, ignoring social, cultural, psychological and emotional aspects. There is a need to shift the medical paradigms toward a humanistic model of health care. We hope that we have provided a critical view of current medical training and practice, as well as of their effects in various health care settings, particularly in the provision of care to women with chronic pelvic pain.
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