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The bioremediation potential of marine sandy sediment microbiota

Author(s): Dan Răzvan POPOVICIU

Journal: Analele Universitatii din Oradea, Fascicula Biologie
ISSN 1224-5119

Volume: TOM XIX;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 123;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: bacteria | sandy sediment | bioremediation | hydrocarbons | lipid oils | nutrients

The natural microbiota from marine sandy sediments on the Romanian sea coast was tested for resilience in case of hydrocarbon contamination, for estimating the number of (culturable) hydrocarbon and lipid oil-degrading microorganisms and for determining the influence of inorganic nitrate and phosphate nutrients on hydrocarbon spill bioremediation process, by microcosm experiments.Results show that hydrocarbon contamination affects the bacteriobenthos both in terms of cell numbers and composition. Bacterial numbers showed a rapid decrease (28% in four days), followed by a relatively fast recovery (two weeks). The pollution favoured the increase of Gram-positive bacterial proportion (from around 25% to 33%)Sandy sediment microbiota in both sites studied contained microorganisms able to use mineral or lipid oils as sole carbon sources, usually around 103-104/cm3, with variations according to the sediment grain size and substrate used.The biostimulation experiments showed that, in absence of water dynamism (and, implicitly, an efficient oxygenation), the addition of nitrogen and phosphorus can be ineffective and even inhibit the remediation process, probably due to eutrophication.
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