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Biosorption of lanthanum and cerium from aqueous solutions using tangerine (Citrus reticulata) peel: Equilibrium, kinetic, and thermodynamic studies

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Author(s): Torab-Mostaedi Meisam

Journal: Chemical Industry and Chemical Engineering Quarterly
ISSN 1451-9372

Volume: 19;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 79;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: biosorption | lanthanum | cerium | isotherm | kinetic | tangerine (Citrus reticulate) peel

ABSTRACT
Biosorption of lanthanum (III) and cerium (III) from aqueous solution by tangerine (Citrus reticulate) peel has been investigated in a batch system as a function of pH, biosorbent dosage, contact time, and temperature. The equilibrium pH was found to severely affect the biosorption performance; pH 5.0 is found to be an optimum pH for favorable biosorption of La (III) and Ce (III). The biosorption of lanthanum and cerium was investigated by the Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) isotherm models. Maximum biosorption uptakes, according to the Langmuir model, were obtained as 154.86 and 162.79 (mg/g) for La(III) and Ce(III), respectively. The biosorption kinetic was tested with pseudo-first order and pseudo-second order models. The results showed that the kinetic of biosorption process was described by the pseudo-second order model very well. Thermodynamic parameters including the change of Gibbs free energy (ΔG°), enthalpy change (ΔH°) and entropy change (ΔS°) for both sorption systems were determined at four different temperatures. The results showed that the biosorption of La(III) and Ce(III) on tangerine (C. reticulate) peel is a spontaneous and endothermic process. FTIR analysis demonstrated that carboxyl and hydroxyl groups were involved in the biosorption of the metal ions.
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