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Body Fat Distribution and Its Association with Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Adolescent Iranian Girls

Author(s): Naghmeh Zahra Mirhosseini | Suzana Shahar | Smsn, Mmedsci | Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan | Mohammad-Reza Parizadeh | Noor Aini Mohd Yusoff | Mohammad-Taghi Shakeri

Journal: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
ISSN 2008-2142

Volume: 22;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 197;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Body composition | Hyperlipidemia | Obesity | Girls | Trunk fat

Objective: The relationships between body fat distribution, lipid profile and blood pressure, have not been studied extensively in young population. This study was designed to evaluate the association between measures of adiposity and established cardiovascular risk factors in adolescent girls.Methods: A total of 477 adolescent girls aged 15 to 18 years were recruited from Mashhad high schools.Socio-demographic characteristics were assessed using a self-administered questionnaire. Anthropometricassessments, blood pressure measurement and biochemical assessment were performed. Total and regionalfat mass were determined by bio-impedance analysis. Cardiovascular disease risk factors were assessed in relation to body fat measures with adjustment for confounder factors including age and family socioeconomic status.Findings: The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 14.6% and 3.4% respectively; 16% of study population had greater fat mass compared to its ideal distribution. The majority of cardiovascular riskfactors, especially systolic and diastolic blood pressure, triglyceride concentration, CRP and fasting blood sugar were significantly higher in group with a high body fat when compared to those with normal and low values. All anthropometric indices showed significant correlation with fat mass, fat free mass, total andregional body fat percent (P
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