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Body fluids and salt metabolism - Part II

Author(s): Peruzzo Mattia | Milani Gregorio | Garzoni Luca | Longoni Laura | Simonetti Giacomo | Bettinelli Alberto | Fossali Emilio | Bianchetti Mario

Journal: The Italian Journal of Pediatrics
ISSN 1720-8424

Volume: 36;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 78;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Abstract There is a high frequency of diarrhea and vomiting in childhood. As a consequence the focus of the present review is to recognize the different body fluid compartments, to clinically assess the degree of dehydration, to know how the equilibrium between extracellular fluid and intracellular fluid is maintained, to calculate the effective blood osmolality and discuss both parenteral fluid maintenance and replacement.
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