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Bottleneck Study and Genetic Structure of Iranian Caspian Horse Population Using Microsatellites

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Author(s): Cyrus Amirinia | Hamidreza Seyedabadi | Mohammad Hossein Banabazi | Mohammad Ali Kamali

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
ISSN 1028-8880

Volume: 10;
Issue: 9;
Start page: 1540;
Date: 2007;
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Keywords: Iran | Caspian horse | bottleneck | genetic structure | microsatellites

ABSTRACT
Genetic diversity within the Iranian Caspian horse was evaluated using 8 different microsatellite pairs on 45 Caspian horse blood samples. This molecular characterisation was undertaken to evaluate the problem of genetic bottlenecks, if any, in this breed. The number of alleles per locus varied from 3 to 5 with mean value of 4.125. All markers have relatively high PIC value (>0.6), observed heterozygosity; 0.9433, expected Levene’s heterozygosity 0.6856 and expected Nei’s heterozygosity equal to 0.6762. This study indicated the existence of substantial genetic diversity in the Caspian horse. No significant genotypic linkage disequilibrium was detected across the population, suggesting no evidence of linkage between loci. A mode-shifted distribution, significant heterozygote excess on the basis of different mutation models, as revealed from Sign, Standardized differences and Wilcoxon rank tests suggested that there was recent bottleneck in the existing Caspian horse. Urgent conservational strategies on this population, is recommended.
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