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BOTTOM OF THE BARREL, AN IMPORTANT CHALLENGE OF THE PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY

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Author(s): H. Bridjanian | A. Khadem Samimi

Journal: Petroleum and Coal
ISSN 1337-7027

Volume: 53;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 13;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Bottom of the Barrel | Heavy Crude Oil | High Sulfur Crude Oil.

ABSTRACT
The most important concerns of the petroleum refining Industry in the near future are: meeting thegrowing market of cleaner fuels, gradual substitution of scarce light low - sulfur refinery feeds byheavy high - sulfur ones, and the decreasing demand for heavy fuel oil .One solution of the aboveproblems is using residue upgrading processes. Furthermore, economic and strategic reasons promotethe exploitation of refining residua and also considerable reserves of very heavy crude oils.Accordingly, the selection of proper processes is an important challenge of the petroleum refiners.The present article – considering the aforementioned problems – discusses the most appropriate ones.
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