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Brain Drain and Innovation Systems in the South

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Author(s): Rodrigo Arocena | Judith Sutz

Journal: International Journal of Multicultural Societies
ISSN 1817-4574

Volume: 8;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 43;
Date: 2006;
Original page

Keywords: knowledge policies | national innovation systems | brain drain | north south divide

ABSTRACT
Underdevelopment in a great part of the world is as strong today as it was fifty years ago; however, some of its features are changing due to the combined action of globalisation and the renewed power of knowledge. Understanding these changes is the key to devising effective development strategies: the National Innovation Systems (NIS) approach can be useful for this purpose. NIS in the South are weak and incomplete, so some of their structures “seek” to attach to more developed ones in the North: this weakness may be seen as one of the many “brain-drain” drivers. The paper explores the contribution of the NIS perspective to policies devoted to knowledge and learning accumulation in developing countries; it argues that empowering NIS in the South can contribute to halting brain drain and fostering brain rearticulation.

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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