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Brain Tumor Classification Using Back Propagation Neural Network

Author(s): N. Sumitra | Rakesh Kumar Saxena

Journal: International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing
ISSN 2074-9074

Volume: 5;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 45;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Back propagation neural network | PCA | Malignant | Benign

The conventional method for medical resonance brain images classification and tumors detection is by human inspection. Operator-assisted classification methods are impractical for large amounts of data and are also non-reproducible. Hence, this paper presents Neural Network techniques for the classification of the magnetic resonance human brain images. The proposed Neural Network technique consists of the following stages namely, feature extraction, dimensionality reduction, and classification. The features extracted from the magnetic resonance images (MRI) have been reduced using principles component analysis (PCA) to the more essential features such as mean, median, variance, correlation, values of maximum and minimum intensity. In the classification stage, classifier based on Back-Propagation Neural Network has been developed. This classifier has been used to classify subjects as normal, benign and malignant brain tumor images. The results show that BPN classifier gives fast and accurate classification than the other neural networks and can be effectively used for classifying brain tumor with high level of accuracy.
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