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Breeding for culinary and nutritional quality of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in intercropping systems with maize (Zea mays L.)

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Author(s): Santalla M. | Rodino A.P. | Montero I. | de Ron A.M. | Fueyo M.A.

Journal: Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement
ISSN 1370-6233

Volume: 3;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 225;
Date: 1999;
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Keywords: phaseolus-vulgaris | kidney-beans | plant-breeding | intercropping | zea-mays | nutritive-value | spain | cropping-systems | europe | gramineae | leguminosae | papilionoideae | phaseolus | plant-products | quality | southern-europe | vegetables | western-europe | zea

ABSTRACT
Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is widely intercropped with maize (Zea mays L.) in the North of Spain. Breeding beans for multiple cropping systems is important for the development of a productive and sustainable agriculture, and is mainly oriented to minimize intercrop competition and to stabilize complementarity with maize. Most agricultural research on intercropping to date has focused on the agronomic and overall yield effects of the different species, but characters related with socio-economic and food quality aspects are also important. The effect of intercropping beans with maize on food seed quality traits was studied for thirty-five bush bean varieties under different environments in Galicia (Northwestern Spain). Parameters determining Asturian (Northern Spain) white bean commercial and culinary quality have also been evaluated in fifteen accessions. There are significant differences between varieties in the selected cropping systems (sole crop, intercrop with field maize and intercrop with sweet maize) for dry and soaked seed weight, coat proportion, crude protein, crude fat and moisture. Different white bean accessions have been chosen according to their culinary quality. Under these environmental conditions it appears that intercropping systems with sweet maize give higher returns than sole cropping system. It is also suggested that the culinary and nutritional quality potential of some white bean accessions could be the base material in a breeding programme the objectives of which are to develop varieties giving seeds with high food quality.

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