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Brucellosis in the Republic of Serbia – The Epizootiological Situation

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Author(s): Bosiljka Djuricic

Journal: Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
ISSN 1857-5749

Volume: 3;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 246;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: brucellosis | zoonoses | diagnostic | prevention | control | eradication.

ABSTRACT
Aim. To present seroprevalence data of the brucellosis in livestock in Serbia.Methods. The classical serological diagnostic methods were used: Rose Bengal (RB) for screening, Complement Fixation Test (CFT) and Indirect ELISA as confirmatory tests.Results. Brucellosis in livestock is present in some regions in Serbia. During the period from 2003 to 2007, the prevalence of brucellosis in sheep was 19.5%-73% (26.8%), in goats 0%-67.1% (35%), in cattle 0%-36.1% (4.8%), and in pigs 0%-16.4% (5.8%). During 2004 new foci of brucellosis in livestock and humans were discovered in the territories of Srednjebanatski and Zapadnobacki counties. By the end of 2004, new foci were registered on the territory of 10 communities from five counties and brucellosis cases were diagnosed in 12 settlements. Actual epizootiological situation during the period from 2007 to 2009 in Serbia was additionally complicated both by the increased number of registered cases and remarcable number of newly affected areas.Conclusion. Brucellosis in Serbia during the last decade shows some specific characteristics such as rapid spread and easy transmission, and persistence. Outbreaks in new localities and increase of human cases were observed. The increase of brucellosis in the southern part of Serbia was facilitated by the border porosity and lack of control of animal movements toward Kosovo and Metohia territories and migration of infected sheep.
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