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Do bullae and emphysema increase risk of pneumothorax in silicosis?

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Author(s): Mohebbi Iraj | Hassani Ebrahim | Salarilak Shaker | Bahrami Abdul

Journal: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
ISSN 1745-6673

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 8;
Date: 2007;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background The occurrence of occupational lung diseases is decreasing due to improvements in occupational health in recent years; however, silicosis and its complications remain important occupational health problems. We have studied the role of emphysema and bullae as predictive factors of secondary spontaneous pneumothorax in acute and accelerated silicosis. Methods This study was carried out using questionnaire items on occupational history and conventional computed tomography of lungs. Differences between two groups (silicosis with and without secondary spontaneous pneumothorax) in terms of age, interval of exposure-diagnosis and therefore silica exposure duration were assessed by independent t-test. Fisher's exact test was used to determine the association between secondary spontaneous pneumothorax and both emphysema and bullae. Results We found a significant association between secondary spontaneous pneumothorax and bullae in acute and accelerated silicosis. Conclusion Pneumothorax in silicosis could be attributed to previous bullae.

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