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A Call Admission Control Protocol for Multimedia Cellular Networks

Author(s): Ayman Elnaggar | Mokhtar Aboelaze | Maan Musleh

Journal: Journal of Networks
ISSN 1796-2056

Volume: 3;
Issue: 8;
Start page: 45;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: call admission protocols | cellular networks | QoS | call degradation

The performance of any cellular wireless network, as well as its revenue (number of customers using the network, and their degree of satisfaction) is determined to a great extent by its call admission control (CAC) protocol. As its name implies, the CAC determine if a new call request is granted, or rejected. In this paper, we propose a call admission control protocol for cellular multimedia wireless networks. Multimedia networks are characterized by a wide variety of bandwidth requests, priorities, and drop-off/rejection requirements by different customers. Our protocol depends on degrading the existing calls, according to their degradation priority, by reducing the bandwidth allocated to them in order to admit new calls according to their admission priority. Our protocol is too complicated for an analytical solution. However we present a Markov Model of a simplified version of our protocol for completeness, a Markov representation of the protocol is too complicated to be of any real value. Extensive simulation results show how our proposed protocol can improve the drop-off/rejection ratio for large bandwidth calls and at the same time maintain the quality of service requested by important calls.
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