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Cancellation of elective cases in pediatric surgery: An audit

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Author(s): Bathla Sapna | Mohta Anup | Gupta Aikta | Kamal Geeta

Journal: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
ISSN 0971-9261

Volume: 15;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 90;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Elective surgery | operating room | pediatric

ABSTRACT
Aim: To determine the main reasons for cancellation of elective cases on scheduled date of surgery in pediatric patients. Materials and Methods: The audit was conducted in a 216 beds tertiary care pediatric super-specialty hospital. Two operation theatres (OT) provide elective surgical services to pediatric surgery, orthopedics, ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology. The audit included all those patients who were posted for elective surgery over a period of one year. Cancelled cases were identified from predesigned OT utilization formats and the reasons for cancellation were evaluated. Results: A total of 2473 cases were posted for the elective surgery in the year 2009 and 189 (7.64%) patients had their surgery cancelled. The main reasons for cancellation were upper respiratory infections (30.68%) and shortage of time (29%). Other reasons were medically unfit patients (15.34%), precedence of emergency cases (3.7%); non-availability of ventilator and intensive care bed (4.7%); no-show by patient (4.76%); non-availability of blood (4.2%); incomplete work up (2.64%); administrative reasons (1.58%); patient not fasting (1.58%) and unspecified reasons (2.1%). Overall, 38.6% causes were preventable. Conclusions: Elective surgery cancellation is a significant problem with multifactorial etiology. Most common reasons for cancellation of planned surgery were sudden onset of respiratory tract infection in the admitted patient and shortage of time. It suggests that on many occasions, surgeons take more time than anticipated for performing the procedure.
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