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Cancer Stem-Like Cells Enriched in Panc-1 Spheres Possess Increased Migration Ability and Resistance to Gemcitabine

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Author(s): Tao Yin | Hongji Wei | Shanmiao Gou | Pengfei Shi | Zhiyong Yang | Gang Zhao | Chunyou Wang

Journal: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
ISSN 1422-0067

Volume: 12;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 1595;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: pancreatic cancer | Bmi-1 | chemoresistance | invasion | tumorigenesis

ABSTRACT
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal malignancies with poor prognosis. Previously, we found that a subpopulation of cancer stem cells (CSCs) in the Panc-1 pancreatic cancer cell line could propagate to form spheres. Here we characterized the malignant phenotypes of the pancreatic cancer stem CD44+/CD24+ cells, which were enriched under sphere forming conditions as analyzed by flow cytometry. These cells demonstrated increased resistance to gemcitabine and increased migration ability. Moreover, these cells exhibited epithelial to mesenchymal transition characterized by a decreased level of the epithelial marker E-cadherin and an increased level of the mesenchymal marker vimentin. Notably, abnormal expression of Bmi-1, ABCG2, Cyclin D1 and p16 were found in Panc-1 CSCs. Our results suggest that targeted inhibition of CSCs represents a novel therapeutic approach to overcome chemoresistance and metastasis of pancreatic cancer.
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