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Candida albicans infections in a north Indian tertiary care hospital: antifungal resistance pattern and role of SDS-PAGE for characterization

Author(s): MW. Rizvi

Journal: Biology and Medicine
ISSN 0974-8369

Volume: 3;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 176;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Candida albicans | fluconazole resistance | SDS-PAGE | characterization

With the increase in the number of immunocompromised individuals, there has been a consequent rise in thenumber of opportunistic infections, especially those due to Candida sp. A rise in the incidence of antifungalresistance has also been reported. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the incidence of C. albicans insuperficial and deep-seated infections, to study its antimicrobial susceptibility profile, to analyze the protein-bandprofile of isolates of C. albicans and assess its use as a means of characterizing the yeast, especially in resistantstrains. Seventy-six isolates of C. albicans from various clinical specimens were identified by standardmycological techniques and further subjected to SDS-PAGE. Molecular weights were calculated with reference tothe marker and dendrograms were prepared using the SPSS software. Susceptibility testing of five antifungalagents (fluconazole, clotrimazole, nystatin, amphotericin-B and voriconazole) was done by the discdiffusion/colorimetric microdilution method. On cluster analysis, six types of banding patterns were observed.Maximum resistance (19.8%) was observed against fluconazole. On analysis of the dendrogram cluster groups,the fluconazole-resistant isolates of C. albicans formed a separate cluster distinct from those of the fluconazolesensitiveisolates. It was also observed that the specimens from a common site tended to fall close together inthe dendrogram pattern. Significantly, high frequency of fluconazole resistance was noticed in this study, which isalarming. In resource-limited laboratories, SDS-PAGE could be used as an alternative method for typing.
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