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Candida glabrata endophthalmitis following penetrating keratoplasty in a patient with negative donor rim culture

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Author(s): Muzaliha Mohd | Adil Hussein | Ibrahim Mohtar | Shatriah Ismail

Journal: BMC Ophthalmology
ISSN 1471-2415

Volume: 10;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 18;
Date: 2010;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background Candida glabrata endophthalmitis following keratoplasty is rare and almost always associated with positive donor rim culture. Case presentation A 63-year-old patient, diagnosed Fuch's endothelial dystrophy in both eyes underwent a penetrating keratoplasty in his right eye. He had multiple underlying medical problems, which included diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hypoadrenalism on oral dexamethasone and fatty liver secondary to hypertrigliseridemia. He developed multiple suture abscesses, corneal haziness, retrocorneal white plaques and a level of hypopyon two weeks after an uneventful penetrating keratoplasty in his right eye. Cultures of the donor button and the transport media culture were negative. Candida glabrata was isolated successfully from the aqueous and vitreous taps. He was treated with a combination of topical, intracameral, intravitreal and intravenous Amphotericin B. His final visual acuity remained poor due to the haziness of the corneal button. Conclusion Candida glabrata endophthalmitis following penetrating keratoplasty can occur in negative donor rim and transport media cultures. The growth of the organism is facilitated by the patient's immunocompromised status. Awareness by the ophthalmologists and appropriate choice of antibiotics are mandatory in this challenging condition.
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