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Características de personalidad, estrato socioeconómico y desempeño académico de los alumnos de la carrera de medicina de la Universidad de Carabobo, sede Aragua

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Author(s): José Sánchez Delgado | María Álvarez Hernández

Journal: Salus Online
ISSN 1316-7138

Volume: 12;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 18;
Date: 2008;
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Keywords: Academic performance | personality characteristics | socioeconomic status | medical students

ABSTRACT
Most studies on academic performance at university level in Venezuela give more consideration to such academic indicators as simple and pondered averages, repeating and desertion rates, among others, but little consideration is given to psychological and social variables, which can provide a more integrated vision of the elements which could have an impact on performance. At the same time, personality studies are detached from academic performance or social stratification of the studied individuals. For this reason, an analysis of the psychological and social characteristics, as well as the academic performance of medical students at University of Carabobo (Aragua Campus) was carried out. This was a field research, based on a cross-sectional descriptive study. The population consistedof 44 students, with pondered annual averages (from the first to the fifth year) of 17.5 points or over, and a sample of 32 students. The tools used were: (1) A self-administered 180-item questionnaire with a dichotomic scale: yes and no, submitted to expert validation; its reliability was determined by an Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient of 0.91. (2) A "Graffar - Méndez Castellano" standardized questionnaire for Social and economical Stratum. From the results obtained, it is concluded that a high academic performance in the studied population is associated with the middle and upper social strata, at the expense of personality type nine in the first place, and in the second place personality types one, five and mixed
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