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Caracterização do uso e ocupação do solo dos municípios do litoral norte do estado do Rio Grande do Sul

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Author(s): Tânia Marques Strohaecker | Nina Simone V. Moura Fujimoto | Anelise Helm Ferreira | Aline Vicente Kunst

Journal: Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente
ISSN 1518-952X

Volume: 13;
Start page: 75;
Date: 2006;
Original page

Keywords: land use and occupation | territorial dynamics | emancipations | urbanization | Northern Coast of the State of Rio Grande do Sul.

ABSTRACT
The occupation of Northern Coast Municipalities of the State of Rio Grande do Sul has intensified in the last decades due to two main processes: urbanization and tourism. The proximity to the GreaterMetropolitan Area of Porto Alegre, accessibility due to the confluence of a highway network and the diversity of environments paralleling the coast, have given this region a unique situation. Of rare beauty, these ecosystems (dune barriers, wetlands, lagoon systems and highland escarpments) have been suffering significantly from impacts caused by human activity. The main objective of this paper is to characterize the Northern Coast municipalities of the State of Rio Grande do Sul, by way of territorial analysis of the urbanization and emancipation processes, demographic growth, migration and economic indicators, thus, offering elements that support local and regional public policy drafting. Taking into account the local 21 municipalities, the adopted regionalization seeks to contemplate both political-administrativeand physical-natural aspects. Such a characterization outlined four basic municipality profiles: permanent population urban areas, urban second residence areas, urban agro-industrial areas and rural municipalities.
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