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Cariogenic Potential of Most Commonly Prescribed Liquid Oral Medicines for Children

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Author(s): Nikita Agrawal | N.D. Shashikiran | Amit Vanka, | Rupesh Thakur | S.S. Sandhu

Journal: People's Journal of Scientific Research
ISSN 0974-6358

Volume: 3;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 7;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: Cariogenic potential | Liquid medicines | Sucrose | Critical pH

ABSTRACT
Consumption of liquid oral medicine by frequently ill children, significantly increases the risk of toothdemineralization. In this study a survey was conducted wherein the pediatricians, pharmacist and medical representativesof Bhopal city were enquired about the most commonly prescribed liquid oral medicines for children. The four categoriesof medicines reported were: antipyretics/analgesics, antibiotics, antihistaminics/antitussives and multivitamins. Threesamples from each category were taken. Sugar concentration was evaluated by Lane-Eynon general volumetric methodand pH was measured by using digital pH meter (EU-TECH). High concentration of sugar was found in 50% of samplesand 90% samples showed low pH. Sugar concentration was in a range of 20.6 to 68.2% and pH in a range of 3.8 to 8.5. Assugar in medication is a potential threat to teeth, therefore, alternatives including sugar substitute should be considered.
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