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Cartographie des sols en Belgique : aperçu historique et présentation des travaux actuels de valorisation et de révision de la Carte Numérique des Sols de Wallonie

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Author(s): Legrain, X. | Demarcin, P. | Colinet, G. | Bock, L.

Journal: Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement
ISSN 1370-6233

Volume: 15;
Issue: s2;
Start page: 647;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Soil map | geomatics | information systems | updating | Belgium

ABSTRACT
Soil mapping in Belgium: historical overview and presentation of the current work on valorisation and revision of the Digital Soil Map of Wallonia. Over the past few years, there has been growing concern about soils and their properties, thanks to greater environmental awareness. Consequently, existing documents on soil are valuable in risk assessment and for the research of well-adapted solutions. In this context, this paper reviews the main stages of soil mapping in Belgium and presents current works to valorize the Digital Soil Map of Wallonia and update associated databases. Belgium is among the first countries to be completely covered by a detailed soil map (1:20,000). The origin of the Soil Map of Belgium, its realisation between 1947 and 1991, the principles and characteristics as well as the related products are described. But since its publication, due to the increasing need of soil information and thanks to the development of geographical information systems the Walloon part of the map was digitalised between 2000 and 2003 by the Digital Soil Map of Wallonia (DSMW) Project. From this early action at regional level, a selection of immediately derived products is presented and briefly commented. However, if these products go beyond the initial objective of agricultural production increase, they do not always meet the environmental challenges nor the future legislation at European, national and regional levels. To fill this gap, the recent tasks carried out by the DMSW team are presented through a description of their methodological and technical framework. The long-term objective is to build Regional Soil Information Systems based on the use of the Digital Soil Map of Wallonia as a tool of integration, structuring and referencing of pedological information.
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