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Carvacrol importance in veterinary and human medicine as ecologic insecticide and acaricide

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Author(s): Vučinić Marijana | Nedeljković-Trailović Jelena | Trailović Saša | Ivanović Saša | Milovanović Mirjana | Krnjaić Dejan

Journal: Veterinarski Glasnik
ISSN 0350-2457

Volume: 65;
Issue: 5-6;
Start page: 433;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: carvacrol | insecticide | acaricide

ABSTRACT
Carvacrol is an active ingredient of essential oils from different plants, mainly from oregano and thyme species. It poseses biocidal activity agains many artropodes of the importance for veterinary and human medicine. Carvacrol acts as repelent, larvicide, insecticide and acaricide. It acts against pest artropodes such as those that serve as mechanical or biological vectors for many causal agents of viral, bacterial and parasitic diseases for animals and humans. Therefore, it may be used not only in pest arthropodes control but in vector borne diseases control, too. In the paper carvacrol bioactivity against mosquitoes, house flies, cockroaches, ticks and mites are described. Potencial modes of carvacrol action on artropodes are given, too. Carvacrol reachs its biotoxicity against arthropodes alone or in combination with other active ingredients from the same plant of its origin, such as tymol, cymen or others. The paper explains reasons for frequently investigations on essential oils and other natural products of plant origin to their biotoxicity against food stored pest or pest of medicinal importance, as well as, needs for their use in agriculture, veterinary and human medicine.
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