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A CASE STUDY OF HEPATITIS B GENOTYPES OF URBAN POPULATION OF INDIA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO ORISSA

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Author(s): Kumari Priya, Manoj Kumar Yadav, and Hari Shankar Lal*

Journal: International Journal of Bioassays
ISSN 2278-778X

Volume: 2;
Issue: 5;
Start page: 799;
Date: 2013;

Keywords: Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) | Genotypes | Orissa

ABSTRACT
Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) prevalence among general population ranges from 2-7% putting India in intermediate endemic region having 50 million Hepatitis B Virus carriers. Both Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) are a etiological agents of acute and chronic liver disease existing throughout the world .The high genetic variability of HBV and HCV genome is reflected by eight genotypes (A to H) and six genotype (1 to 6), respectively. Each genotype has a characteristic geographical distribution, which is important epidemiologically. Previous studies reported that genotypes D and A as well as D and B are prevalent HBV genotypes, and for HCV genotypes 3a and 3b to the dominant. The objective of this study is “Hepatitis B & C Viruses causing Hepatitis in subjects attending hospitals and Genotyping of Identified Virus “in Bhubaneswar Orissa.
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