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CFD Simulation of Nanosufur Crystallization Incorporating Population Balance Modeling

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Author(s): Fatemeh Golkhou | Mahmod Tajee Hamed Mosavian

Journal: Iranica Journal of Energy and Environment (IJEE)
ISSN 2079-2115

Volume: 4;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 36;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: CFD | Population balance | Crystal size distribution | Moments

ABSTRACT
A physical vapor condensation process for synthesizing nanosized sulfur powder as a precursor for various industries was simulated by the use of computational ?uid dynamic (CFD) modeling. The phase change, swirl flow and heat transfer taking place inside the cyclone are analyzed along with particle formation via gas condensation method. The population balance model is a mathematical framework for the modeling of crystal size distribution (CSD) and the study of gas-phase changes leading to nucleation of the first solid particles. In this paper the Direct Quadrature Method of Moments is used for solving the transport equations of the moments of the size distribution. The temperature, velocity and particle size distribution ranges inside the cyclone were computed. The results show the formation of nanosulfur particles in 1-7 nm range.
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