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Changes of Compositional Features of Church Villages in Rural Landscape The Changes of Compositional Features of Villages with Churches in Rural Landscape

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Author(s): Vilma Karvelytė-Balbierienė

Journal: Environmental Research, Engineering and Management
ISSN 1392-1649

Volume: 52;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 60;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: church villages | rural landscape | panorama | layout | spatial structure

ABSTRACT
Church villages form a significant part in the urban framework of Lithuania and they are inseparable components of the cultural landscape. Beginning with the end of the 18th century church villages had fully functioned together with towns and village settlements of the country. Their functional development and formation of the urban structure are closely related with the expansion of Christianity in Lithuania. Formation of compositional links between church villages and the rural landscape was mainly influenced by their urban structure determined by the canons of the Catholic Church. The network of church villages had determined the cultural distinctiveness of Lithuanian rural landscape till the middle of the 20th century. Considering that the preservation of identity and distinctiveness of Lithuanian countryside requires the analysis of church villages and their role in the country's landscape, this article analyzes the changes in compositional features of church villages in the spatial structure of the rural landscapes and the factors determining these changes. In order to perceive deeper their compositional features of the spatial structure in the ethno-cultural landscape, assessment of the aesthetic potential of the their layout and spatial structure is also presented.The villages with churches form the significant part in the urban framework of Lithuania and the inseparable component of cultural landscape. Beginning with the end of the 18th century the villages with churches had fully functioned together with country’s cities, towns, and village settlements. Their functional development and the formation of the urban structure are closely related with the expansion of the Christianity in Lithuania. The formation of the compositional links between the villages with churches and the rural landscape was mainly influenced by their urban structure determined by the canons of the Catholic Church. The network of the villages with churches had determined the cultural distinctiveness of Lithuanian rural landscape till the middle of the 20th century. Considering that, the preservation of the identity and distinctiveness of Lithuanian countryside requires the analysis of the villages with churches and their role in country’s landscape. The article is devoted to the analysis of the changes of the compositional features of the villages with churches in the spatial structure of the rural landscapes and the factors determining these changes. In order to understand better the compositional features of the spatial structure of the villages with churches in the ethnocultural landscape, the assessment of the aesthetic potential of the layout and spatial structure of the villages with churches is also presented in the article.
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