Academic Journals Database
Disseminating quality controlled scientific knowledge

Changes in Local People’s Perceptions of the Sumava National Park in the Czech Republic over a Ten Year Period (1998–2008)

ADD TO MY LIST
 
Author(s): Tomas Gorner | Klara Najmanova | Martin Cihar

Journal: Sustainability
ISSN 2071-1050

Volume: 4;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 1354;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: protected areas | resident’s attitudes | sustainable management | social climate

ABSTRACT
The Sumava National Park (NP), the largest protected area of its kind in Central Europe, is as interesting as it is problematic (historical development, conflicts between regional development and landscape protection). In order to evaluate the success of the Park’s policies, local park inhabitants’ attitudes were assessed over a ten-year period. Two surveys (N = 181 and N = 200) were conducted in August, 1998 and 2008. The questionnaires consisted of 43 queries from three thematic areas; (a) socio-demographic data, (b) environment and nature conservation, and (c) sustainable tourism and local development. The comparison of the results 1998 with 2008 showed that the Park inhabitants perceived living in the Park as improving and the scheme for nature conservation as either “optimal” or “more strict”. The surveys also showed the loss of job opportunities as the most prevalent local concern. In a cluster analysis based on perceptions of (a) the Park, (b) the environment and (c) Park Administration, subjects were divided into four opinion groups ranging from “optimists” to “grumblers”. The most “positive (optimistic)” group saw little connection between the Park’s existence and job losses, while the most “negative” group saw a strong connection in that regard.
Why do you need a reservation system?      Save time & money - Smart Internet Solutions