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CHARACTERIZATION AND COMPOSITION OF BALANITE AEGYPTIACA SEED OIL AND ITS POTENTIAL AS BIODIESEL FEEDSTOCK IN NIGERIA

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Author(s): BABAGANA GUTTI | SHITTU S. BAMIDELE | IDRIS M. BUGAJE

Journal: Journal of Applied Phytotechnology in Environmental Sanitation
ISSN 2088-6586

Volume: 1;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 29;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: Balanites | biodiesel | Gas Chromatography | hexane | specifications

ABSTRACT
The seeds of Balanite aegyptiaca are good source of oil, which can be used as a diesel substitute. In this paper, Balanite aegyptiaca oil was extracted from the seeds using hexane (40-60oC).The oil yield was 34.52%, while the yield of the biodiesel after 12-24 hours reaction was 90%. Determined by Gas Chromatography (GC), three fatty acids in the extracted oil were mainly identified as; Palmitic acid, Linoliec acid and Stearic acid with 14.73%, 75.86% and 9.40% respectively. The oil exhibited good physical and chemical properties which can be used in biodiesel production as the fuel properties were within ASTM 6751 standard specifications.
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