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Characterization and Degradation Behavior of Agar–Carbomer Based Hydrogels for Drug Delivery Applications: Solute Effect

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Author(s): Filippo Rossi | Marco Santoro | Tommaso Casalini | Pietro Veglianese | Maurizio Masi | Giuseppe Perale

Journal: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
ISSN 1422-0067

Volume: 12;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 3394;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: degradation | drug effect | FT-IR | hydrogels | rheology

ABSTRACT
In this study hydrogels synthesized from agarose and carbomer 974P macromers were selected for their potential application in spinal cord injury (SCI) repair strategies following their ability to carry cells and drugs. Indeed, in drug delivery applications, one of the most important issues to be addressed concerns hydrogel ability to provide a finely controlled delivery of loaded drugs, together with a coherent degradation kinetic. Nevertheless, solute effects on drug delivery system are often neglected in the large body of literature, focusing only on the characterization of unloaded matrices. For this reason, in this work, hydrogels were loaded with a chromophoric salt able to mimic, in terms of steric hindrance, many steroids commonly used in SCI repair, and its effects were investigated both from a structural and a rheological point of view, considering the pH-sensitivity of the material. Additionally, degradation chemistry was assessed by means of infrared bond response (FT-IR) and mass loss.
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