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Characterization of Laser-Generated Microparticles by Means of a Dust Monitor and SEM Imaging

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Author(s): Roland Wurster | Simone Pentzien | Andrea Conradi | Jörg Krüger

Journal: Laser Chemistry
ISSN 0278-6273

Volume: 2006;
Date: 2006;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Nanosecond laser (1064 nm wavelength) cleaning of artificially soiled paper as a model sample simulating a real-world artwork was performed. During the cleaning process, the ejection of particles was monitored in situ by means of a dust monitor (8 size classes, ranging from 0.3 μm to >2 μm) and ex situ using a mini-cascade impactor (MKI, 5 stages). The cleaning result was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) considering possible laser-induced damages to the substrate. Size distributions of emitted particles were measured depending on the processing parameters: laser fluence, F, and pulse number per spot, N. High numbers of large (>2 μm) particles were collected by the mini-cascade impactor indicating a gas dynamical liftoff process. Obviously, these particles were not affected by the laser-matter interaction. The different methods (SEM, MKI, and dust monitor) are compared with respect to their usefulness for a proper interpretation of the cleaning results.
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