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Chemical and biochemical components in fruit and their role in the human health

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Author(s): Silvia Nicolae | Aurel Paul Badescu | Claudia Nicola | Camelia Parvan

Journal: Scientific Papers of the Research Institute for Fruit Growing Pitesti, Romania
ISSN 1584-2231

Volume: XXIV;
Start page: 138;
Date: 2008;
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Keywords: Fruits | chemical and biochemical composition | human healt

ABSTRACT
The long-term investigation on the nutritive value of fruit expressed by their chemical composition came to prove the considerable amounts of soluble sugars easily assimilated by the human body, of organic acids and pectin, very benefic to digestion, of vitamin C which is benefic to the general metabolism and macroelements. The variability of the biochemical components in fruit and within the most fruit species is rather large because of the numerous varieties within each species, of the technology applied and not least because of the ecological conditions. The fruit species studied at the Research Institute Fruit Growing Pitesti – Maracineni were: apple, pear, plum, sweet cherry, sour cherry, strawberry and some of the small fruits: black currant, red currant, blackberry, raspberry and blueberry. Simultaneously with the fruit biochemical analyses, the effects of these fruit on some consumers were investigated at the Public Health Institute. Bucharest. Positive results were obtained. The subjects had to consume daily 150-300g fruit for 30 days and the data were written down on individual records. The following parameters were noticed: age, sex, weight, and blood pressure, subjective and objective modification of the digestion (transit. appetite), general condition of subjects, miction, stress, previous diseases as well as food habits.
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