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Chemical and Biological Evaluation of Essential Oils from Two Species of Myrtaceae — Eugenia uniflora L. and Plinia trunciflora (O. Berg) Kausel

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Author(s): João Henrique G. Lago | Elisângela Dutra Souza | Bruna Mariane | Renata Pascon | Marcelo A. Vallim | Roberto Carlos C. Martins | Adriana A. Baroli | Bianca A. Carvalho | Marisi G. Soares | Roberta T. dos Santos | Patricia Sartorelli

Journal: Molecules
ISSN 1420-3049

Volume: 16;
Issue: 12;
Start page: 9827;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Eugenia uniflora L. | Plinia trunciflora (O. Berg) Kausel | essential oils | antimicrobial activity

ABSTRACT
The chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oils obtained from leaves of two Myrtaceae species–Eugenia uniflora L. and Plinia trunciflora (O. Berg) Kausel–were determined. Analysis by GC/MS as well as determination of Kovatz indexes indicated atractylone (26.78%) and curzerene (17.96%) as major constituents of E. uniflora oil and α-cadinol (19.15%), apiole (11.15%) and cubenol (5.43%) as main components in P. trunciflora oil. Both essential oils were tested for antimicrobial activity against yeasts and bacteria. E. uniflora and P. trunciflora essential oils were active towards two Gram-positive bacteria, Streptococcus equi and Staphylococcus epidermis. In addition, biological activity of both essential oils was detected for pathogenic yeasts of the genus Candida and Cryptococcus. E. uniflora was active towards all yeast tested and exhibited interesting minimal inhibitory concentrations (0.11 to 3.75 mg/mL) across a broad spectrum of activity.
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