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Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Pimpinella affinis Ledeb. essential oil growing in Iran

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Author(s): Mohammadreza Verdian-rizi

Journal: International Journal of Green Pharmacy
ISSN 0973-8258

Volume: 2;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 138;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: Antimicrobial; apiaceae | essential oil | Pimpinella affinis Ledeb

ABSTRACT
The chemical composition of the essential oil obtained from the fruits of Pimpinella affinis Ledeb. (Apiaceae) was analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS) techniques. Twenty - four components were identified in the essential oil of P. affinis Ledeb., whose major constituents were geijerene (17.68%), limonene (12.86%), pregeijerene (9.92%), germacrene D (8.54%) and trans- β-ocimene (4.94%). The essential oil was evaluated for antibacterial and antifungal activities. The oil showed antimicrobial activity against all the tested microorganisms, excepted Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Maximum activity was observed against fungal microorganisms.
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